Checklist of the Birds of Ontario

For ease of navigation here are shortcuts to points on the list:

Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl | New World Quail | Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies | Grebes | Pigeons and Doves | Cuckoos | Nightjars and Allies | Swifts | Hummingbirds | Rails, Gallinules, and Coots | Cranes | Stilts and Avocets | Oystercatchers | Plovers and Lapwings | Sandpipers and Allies | Skuas and Jaegers | Auks, Murres, and Puffins | Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers | Loons | Albatrosses | Shearwaters and Petrels | Storm-Petrels | Storks | Frigatebirds | Boobies and Gannets | Cormorants and Shags | Anhingas | Pelicans | Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns | Ibises and Spoonbills | New World Vultures | Osprey | Hawks, Eagles, and Kites | Barn-Owls | Owls | Kingfishers | Woodpeckers | Falcons and Caracaras | Tyrant Flycatchers | Shrikes | Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis | Crows, Jays, and Magpies | Larks | Swallows | Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice | Nuthatches | Treecreepers | Wrens | Gnatcatchers | Kinglets | Old World Flycatchers | Thrushes and Allies | Mockingbirds and Thrashers | Starlings | Waxwings | Silky-flycatchers | Old World Sparrows | Wagtails and Pipits | Finches, Euphonias, and Allies | Longspurs and Snow Buntings | New World Buntings and Sparrows | Yellow-breasted Chat | Troupials and Allies | New World Warblers | Cardinals and Allies

This list comprises 496 bird species that have been recorded in Ontario on the basis of specimens, photographs, recordings and documented sight records accepted by the Ontario Bird Records Committee (OBRC) to April 2017. A total of 291 species is known to have bred in the province. Classification and nomenclature follow the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds, (7th Edition, 1998) and its 42nd - 58th (July 2017) supplements. The most recent additions are:

White Wagtail (2017)
Common Ringed Plover (2016)
Grace's Warbler (2016)
Pink-footed Goose (2015)
Eurasian Dotterel (2015)
Little Egret (2015)
Kelp Gull (2015)
Elegant Tern (2014)
Brown Booby (2014)
Thick-billed Kingbird (2013)
Pyrrhuloxia (2012)
Yellow-nosed Albatross (2011)
Sooty/Short-tailed Shearwater (2011)
Anna’s Hummingbird (2011)
Roseate Spoonbill (2010)
Black-tailed Gull (2010)
Barnacle Goose (2009)
Mottled Duck (2009)
Black Swift (2008)
Neotropic Cormorant (2006)
McCown’s Longspur (2006)
Cackling Goose (split from Canada Goose, July, 2004)
Brewer’s Sparrow (2004)
White‐collared Swift (2002)
Manx Shearwater (2002)
Heermann’s Gull (2000)

The New World population of Common Moorhen is split from the Eurasian population and renamed Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata) on the basis of differences in vocalizations as well as bill and shield morphology (AOU, 2011).

The English name Whip‐poor‐will has been changed to Eastern Whip‐poor‐will to distinguish it from the southwest population now renamed Mexican Whip‐poor‐will (2010). MacGillivray’s Warbler has been removed from the Ontario list (2010).

The English common name Nelson’s Sharp‐tailed Sparrow has been shortened to Nelson’s Sparrow (2009). The Tanagers family is removed and the three species formerly in that family are moved to the beginning of the Cardinals & Allies family (2009).

In 2008, the order of the gulls was changed on the Ontario Checklist to reflect the AOU order. Hoary Redpoll (2013), Black Scoter (2008) and Trumpeter Swan (2007) were added as breeding species. The common name Mongolian Plover is now Lesser Sand‐Plover (2004) to agree with modern Old World literature. The common name Rock Dove changed to Rock Pigeon (2003). The name Three‐toed Woodpecker changed to American Three‐toed Woodpecker (2003) as a result of a split from the Eurasian species. The name Common Snipe was changed to Wilson’s Snipe because of a split from the European species (2002).

To find out how to order a printed field checklist please go to our merchandise page.

Ontario is divided into Lowlands, Central and South regions (see map above); thus, the cities of Sault Ste. Marie, Sudbury and North Bay are in the South region of the province.

L – Species recorded in the Lowlands Review Zone; (L) indicates the OBRC requests documentation when the species is recorded in the region.

C – Species recorded in the Central Review Zone; (C) indicates the OBRC requests documentation when the species is recorded in the region.

S – Species recorded in the South Review Zone; (S) indicates the OBRC requests documentation when the species is recorded in the region.

* – Species recorded as breeding in Ontario.

This checklist is at the species level only.

Glossy Ibis
Photo: Carol Horner

Manx Shearwater
Photo: Barry Cherriere

Neotropic Cormorant
Photo: Unknown

Black Swift
Photo: Brandon Holden

Ontario ChecklistTop

Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl - Top

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (S) (Dendrocygna autumnalis) 16 photos

Fulvous Whistling-Duck (S) (Dendrocygna bicolor) 6 photos

*Snow Goose L/C/S (Anser caerulescens) 34 photos

*Ross's Goose L/C/S (Anser rossii) 2 photos

Greater White-fronted Goose (L)/C/S (Anser albifrons) 25 photos

Pink-footed Goose (S) (Anser brachyrhynchus) 20 photos

Brant L/C/S (Branta bernicla) 21 photos

Barnacle Goose (S) (Branta leucopsis) 4 photos

Cackling Goose L/C/S (Branta hutchinsii) 2 photos

*Canada Goose L/C/S (Branta canadensis)

*Mute Swan (L)/(C)/S (Cygnus olor)

*Trumpeter Swan (L)/C/S (Cygnus buccinator)

*Tundra Swan L/C/S (Cygnus columbianus)

*Wood Duck L/C/S (Aix sponsa)

Garganey (C)/(S) (Spatula querquedula) 13 photos

*Blue-winged Teal L/C/S (Spatula discors) 25 photos

*Cinnamon Teal (C)/(S) (Spatula cyanoptera) 6 photos

*Northern Shoveler L/C/S (Spatula clypeata) 1 photos

*Gadwall L/C/S (Mareca strepera) 4 photos

Eurasian Wigeon (L)/(C)/S (Mareca penelope)

*American Wigeon L/C/S (Mareca americana)

*Mallard L/C/S (Anas platyrhynchos)

*American Black Duck L/C/S (Anas rubripes)

Mottled Duck (S) (Anas fulvigula)

*Northern Pintail L/C/S (Anas acuta)

*Green-winged Teal L/C/S (Anas crecca)

*Canvasback L/C/S (Aythya valisineria)

*Redhead L/C/S (Aythya americana) 3 photos

*Ring-necked Duck L/C/S (Aythya collaris)

Tufted Duck (C)/(S) (Aythya fuligula)

*Greater Scaup L/C/S (Aythya marila) 27 photos

*Lesser Scaup L/C/S (Aythya affinis) 9 photos

*King Eider L/S (Somateria spectabilis) 18 photos

*Common Eider L/(S) (Somateria mollissima) 3 photos

Harlequin Duck (L)/(C)/S (Histrionicus histrionicus) 6 photos

*Surf Scoter L/C/S (Melanitta perspicillata) 12 photos

*White-winged Scoter L/C/S (Melanitta fusca) 14 photos

*Black Scoter L/C/S (Melanitta americana) 31 photos

*Long-tailed Duck L/C/S (Clangula hyemalis) 37 photos

*Bufflehead L/C/S (Bucephala albeola) 22 photos

*Common Goldeneye L/C/S (Bucephala clangula) 8 photos

Barrow's Goldeneye (L)/(C)/S (Bucephala islandica) 11 photos

Smew (S) (Mergellus albellus) 35 photos

*Hooded Merganser L/C/S (Lophodytes cucullatus) 26 photos

*Common Merganser L/C/S (Mergus merganser) 34 photos

*Red-breasted Merganser L/C/S (Mergus serrator) 12 photos

*Ruddy Duck L/C/S (Oxyura jamaicensis) 4 photos

New World Quail - Top

*Northern Bobwhite S (Colinus virginianus) 12 photos

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies - Top

*Gray Partridge (C)/S (Perdix perdix) 9 photos

*Ring-necked Pheasant C/S (Phasianus colchicus) 6 photos

*Ruffed Grouse L/C/S (Bonasa umbellus)

*Spruce Grouse L/C/S (Falcipennis canadensis) 5 photos

*Willow Ptarmigan L/(C)/(S) (Lagopus lagopus) 10 photos

Rock Ptarmigan (L) (Lagopus muta) 14 photos

*Sharp-tailed Grouse L/C/S (Tympanuchus phasianellus) 14 photos

*Greater Prairie-Chicken (C)/(S) (Tympanuchus cupido) 24 photos

*Wild Turkey C/S (Meleagris gallopavo) 51 photos

Grebes - Top

*Pied-billed Grebe L/C/S (Podilymbus podiceps) 22 photos

*Horned Grebe L/C/S (Podiceps auritus) 18 photos

*Red-necked Grebe L/C/S (Podiceps grisegena) 27 photos

*Eared Grebe (L)/C/S (Podiceps nigricollis) 39 photos

Western Grebe (C)/(S) (Aechmophorus occidentalis) 17 photos

Pigeons and Doves - Top

*Rock Pigeon L/C/S (Columba livia) 6 photos

White-crowned Pigeon (S) (Patagioenas leucocephala)

Band-tailed Pigeon (L)/(C)/(S) (Patagioenas fasciata) 31 photos

Eurasian Collared-Dove C/S (Streptopelia decaocto) 13 photos

*Passenger Pigeon L/C/S (Ectopistes migratorius) (Extinct)

Inca Dove (C)/(S) (Columbina inca) 13 photos

Common Ground-Dove (C)/(S) (Columbina passerina)

White-winged Dove (L)/C/S (Zenaida asiatica) 15 photos

*Mourning Dove L/C/S (Zenaida macroura) 13 photos

Cuckoos - Top

*Yellow-billed Cuckoo (L)/C/S (Coccyzus americanus) 4 photos

*Black-billed Cuckoo (L)/C/S (Coccyzus erythropthalmus) 14 photos

Groove-billed Ani (C)/(S) (Crotophaga sulcirostris) 7 photos

Nightjars and Allies - Top

Lesser Nighthawk (S) (Chordeiles acutipennis) 7 photos

*Common Nighthawk L/C/S (Chordeiles minor) 16 photos

Common Poorwill (L) (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii) 3 photos

*Chuck-will's-widow S (Antrostomus carolinensis) 14 photos

*Eastern Whip-poor-will (L)/C/S (Antrostomus vociferus) 8 photos

Swifts - Top

Black Swift (S) (Cypseloides niger) 7 photos

White-collared Swift (S) (Streptoprocne zonaris) 27 photos

*Chimney Swift (L)/C/S (Chaetura pelagica) 14 photos

Hummingbirds - Top

Mexican Violetear (C) (Colibri thalassinus) 30 photos

*Ruby-throated Hummingbird L/C/S (Archilochus colubris) 4 photos

Black-chinned Hummingbird (S) (Archilochus alexandri) 9 photos

Anna's Hummingbird (S) (Calypte anna) 16 photos

Costa's Hummingbird (S) (Calypte costae)

Rufous Hummingbird (L)/(C)/(S) (Selasphorus rufus) 13 photos

Calliope Hummingbird (S) (Selasphorus calliope)

Broad-billed Hummingbird (S) (Cynanthus latirostris) 15 photos

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots - Top

*Yellow Rail L/C/S (Coturnicops noveboracensis) 12 photos

Black Rail (S) (Laterallus jamaicensis) 14 photos

*King Rail S (Rallus elegans) 12 photos

*Virginia Rail L/C/S (Rallus limicola) 19 photos

*Sora L/C/S (Porzana carolina) 9 photos

Purple Gallinule (L)/(S) (Porphyrio martinicus) 11 photos

*Common Gallinule (C)/S (Gallinula galeata) 27 photos

*American Coot (L)/C/S (Fulica americana) 26 photos

Cranes - Top

*Sandhill Crane L/C/S (Antigone canadensis) 10 photos

Whooping Crane (S) (Grus americana) 6 photos

Stilts and Avocets - Top

*Black-necked Stilt (C)/(S) (Himantopus mexicanus) 47 photos

*American Avocet (L)/(C)/S (Recurvirostra americana) 22 photos

Oystercatchers - Top

American Oystercatcher (S) (Haematopus palliatus) 16 photos

Plovers and Lapwings - Top

Black-bellied Plover L/C/S (Pluvialis squatarola) 20 photos

*American Golden-Plover L/C/S (Pluvialis dominica) 8 photos

Lesser Sand-Plover (S) (Charadrius mongolus) 16 photos

Snowy Plover (C)/(S) (Charadrius nivosus) 21 photos

Wilson's Plover (S) (Charadrius wilsonia) 5 photos

Common Ringed Plover (S) (Charadrius hiaticula) 39 photos

*Semipalmated Plover L/C/S (Charadrius semipalmatus)

*Piping Plover C/S (Charadrius melodus) 34 photos

*Killdeer L/C/S (Charadrius vociferus) 17 photos

Eurasian Dotterel (S) (Charadrius morinellus) 4 photos

Sandpipers and Allies - Top

*Upland Sandpiper (L)/C/S (Bartramia longicauda) 18 photos

*Whimbrel L/C/S (Numenius phaeopus) 28 photos

Eskimo Curlew (L)/(S) (Numenius borealis) 33 photos

Long-billed Curlew (S) (Numenius americanus) 24 photos

Slender-billed Curlew (S) (Numenius tenuirostris) 12 photos

Black-tailed Godwit (S) (Limosa limosa) 11 photos

*Hudsonian Godwit L/C/S (Limosa haemastica) 31 photos

*Marbled Godwit L/C/S (Limosa fedoa) 5 photos

Ruddy Turnstone L/C/S (Arenaria interpres)

Red Knot L/C/S (Calidris canutus) 21 photos

Ruff (L)/S (Calidris pugnax)

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (C)/(S) (Calidris acuminata) 9 photos

*Stilt Sandpiper L/C/S (Calidris himantopus) 29 photos

Curlew Sandpiper (L)/(S) (Calidris ferruginea) 5 photos

Sanderling L/C/S (Calidris alba)

*Dunlin L/C/S (Calidris alpina) 3 photos

Purple Sandpiper L/(C)/S (Calidris maritima) 18 photos

Baird's Sandpiper L/C/S (Calidris bairdii) 3 photos

Little Stint (L)/(S) (Calidris minuta) 26 photos

*Least Sandpiper L/C/S (Calidris minutilla) 10 photos

White-rumped Sandpiper L/C/S (Calidris fuscicollis) 40 photos

Buff-breasted Sandpiper L/C/S (Calidris subruficollis) 4 photos

*Pectoral Sandpiper L/C/S (Calidris melanotos) 12 photos

*Semipalmated Sandpiper L/C/S (Calidris pusilla) 13 photos

Western Sandpiper (L)/(C)/S (Calidris mauri)

*Short-billed Dowitcher L/C/S (Limnodromus griseus) 2 photos

Long-billed Dowitcher L/C/S (Limnodromus scolopaceus) 5 photos

*American Woodcock L/C/S (Scolopax minor) 15 photos

*Wilson's Snipe L/C/S (Gallinago delicata) 26 photos

*Spotted Sandpiper L/C/S (Actitis macularius) 11 photos

*Solitary Sandpiper L/C/S (Tringa solitaria) 2 photos

Wandering Tattler (S) (Tringa incana) 23 photos

*Lesser Yellowlegs L/C/S (Tringa flavipes) 22 photos

Willet (L)/(C)/S (Tringa semipalmata) 27 photos

Spotted Redshank (S) (Tringa erythropus)

*Greater Yellowlegs L/C/S (Tringa melanoleuca) 17 photos

*Wilson's Phalarope L/C/S (Phalaropus tricolor) 26 photos

*Red-necked Phalarope L/C/S (Phalaropus lobatus) 2 photos

Red Phalarope L/(C)/S (Phalaropus fulicarius) 27 photos

Skuas and Jaegers - Top

Pomarine Jaeger L/(C)/S (Stercorarius pomarinus) 18 photos

*Parasitic Jaeger L/C/S (Stercorarius parasiticus) 24 photos

Long-tailed Jaeger (L)/(C)/S (Stercorarius longicaudus) 4 photos

Auks, Murres, and Puffins - Top

Dovekie (L)/(S) (Alle alle)

Thick-billed Murre (S) (Uria lomvia) 24 photos

Razorbill (S) (Alca torda) 15 photos

*Black Guillemot L/(S) (Cepphus grylle) 9 photos

Long-billed Murrelet (S) (Brachyramphus perdix) 22 photos

Ancient Murrelet (S) (Synthliboramphus antiquus) 14 photos

Atlantic Puffin (C)/(S) (Fratercula arctica) 20 photos

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers - Top

Black-legged Kittiwake (L)/(C)/S (Rissa tridactyla) 7 photos

Ivory Gull (L)/(C)/(S) (Pagophila eburnea) 15 photos

Sabine's Gull (L)/(C)/S (Xema sabini) 17 photos

*Bonaparte's Gull L/C/S (Chroicocephalus philadelphia) 18 photos

Black-headed Gull (L)/S (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) 12 photos

*Little Gull L/(C)/S (Hydrocoloeus minutus)

Ross's Gull (L)/(S) (Rhodostethia rosea) 24 photos

Laughing Gull (L)/S (Leucophaeus atricilla) 24 photos

Franklin's Gull (L)/C/S (Leucophaeus pipixcan) 7 photos

Black-tailed Gull (S) (Larus crassirostris) 11 photos

Heermann's Gull (S) (Larus heermanni) 10 photos

Mew Gull (C)/(S) (Larus canus) 10 photos

*Ring-billed Gull L/C/S (Larus delawarensis) 24 photos

*California Gull (L)/(C)/(S) (Larus californicus) 17 photos

*Herring Gull L/C/S (Larus argentatus) 26 photos

Iceland Gull L/C/S (Larus glaucoides) 21 photos

Lesser Black-backed Gull (L)/C/S (Larus fuscus) 22 photos

Slaty-backed Gull (C)/(S) (Larus schistisagus) 15 photos

Glaucous Gull L/C/S (Larus hyperboreus) 6 photos

*Great Black-backed Gull L/C/S (Larus marinus) 9 photos

Kelp Gull (S) (Larus dominicanus) 16 photos

Sooty Tern (S) (Onychoprion fuscatus) 14 photos

Least Tern (C)/(S) (Sternula antillarum) 14 photos

*Caspian Tern L/C/S (Hydroprogne caspia) 3 photos

*Black Tern L/C/S (Chlidonias niger) 20 photos

White-winged Tern (S) (Chlidonias leucopterus) 9 photos

*Common Tern L/C/S (Sterna hirundo) 20 photos

*Arctic Tern L/(C)/S (Sterna paradisaea) 1 photos

*Forster's Tern (L)/(C)/S (Sterna forsteri) 28 photos

Royal Tern (S) (Thalasseus maximus) 6 photos

Sandwich Tern (S) (Thalasseus sandvicensis) 17 photos

Elegant Tern (S) (Thalasseus elegans) 21 photos

Black Skimmer (C)/(S) (Rynchops niger) 22 photos

Loons - Top

*Red-throated Loon L/C/S (Gavia stellata) 28 photos

*Pacific Loon L/(C)/S (Gavia pacifica) 12 photos

*Common Loon L/C/S (Gavia immer) 3 photos

Yellow-billed Loon (S) (Gavia adamsii) 13 photos

Albatrosses - Top

Yellow-nosed Albatross (S) (Thalassarche chlororhynchos) 7 photos

Shearwaters and Petrels - Top

Northern Fulmar (L)/(C)/(S) (Fulmarus glacialis) 15 photos

Black-capped Petrel (S) (Pterodroma hasitata) 1 photos

Short-tailed/Sooty Shearwater (L) (Ardena tenuirostris/griseus)

Great Shearwater (S) (Ardenna gravis) 21 photos

Manx Shearwater (S) (Puffinus puffinus) 5 photos

Audubon's Shearwater (S) (Puffinus lherminieri) 6 photos

Storm-Petrels - Top

Wilson's Storm-Petrel (S) (Oceanites oceanicus) 2 photos

Leach's Storm-Petrel (L)/(S) (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) 2 photos

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel (S) (Oceanodroma castro) 21 photos

Storks - Top

Wood Stork (S) (Mycteria americana) 2 photos

Frigatebirds - Top

Magnificent Frigatebird (S) (Fregata magnificens) 3 photos

Boobies and Gannets - Top

Brown Booby (S) (Sula leucogaster) 1 photos

Northern Gannet (L)/(S) (Morus bassanus) 1 photos

Cormorants and Shags - Top

Neotropic Cormorant (S) (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

*Double-crested Cormorant L/C/S (Phalacrocorax auritus) 1 photos

Great Cormorant (S) (Phalacrocorax carbo) 1 photos

Anhingas - Top

Anhinga (S) (Anhinga anhinga) 6 photos

Pelicans - Top

*American White Pelican L/C/S (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) 2 photos

Brown Pelican (C)/(S) (Pelecanus occidentalis) 20 photos

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns - Top

*American Bittern L/C/S (Botaurus lentiginosus) 19 photos

*Least Bittern (C)/S (Ixobrychus exilis)

*Great Blue Heron L/C/S (Ardea herodias) 3 photos

*Great Egret (L)/(C)/S (Ardea alba) 13 photos

Little Egret (S) (Egretta garzetta) 9 photos

*Snowy Egret (L)/(C)/S (Egretta thula)

Reddish Egret (S) (Egretta rufescens)

Little Blue Heron (L)/(C)/(S) (Egretta caerulea) 5 photos

Tricolored Heron (C)/(S) (Egretta tricolor) 31 photos

*Cattle Egret (L)/(C)/S (Bubulcus ibis) 26 photos

*Green Heron (C)/S (Butorides virescens) 77 photos

*Black-crowned Night-Heron (C)/S (Nycticorax nycticorax) 39 photos

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (S) (Nyctanassa violacea) 2 photos

Ibises and Spoonbills - Top

White Ibis (S) (Eudocimus albus) 37 photos

Glossy Ibis (C)/S (Plegadis falcinellus) 48 photos

White-faced Ibis (C)/(S) (Plegadis chihi) 15 photos

Roseate Spoonbill (S) (Platalea ajaja) 28 photos

New World Vultures - Top

Black Vulture (C)/S (Coragyps atratus) 12 photos

*Turkey Vulture (L)/C/S (Cathartes aura) 22 photos

Osprey - Top

*Osprey L/C/S (Pandion haliaetus) 1 photos

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites - Top

Swallow-tailed Kite (C)/(S) (Elanoides forficatus) 14 photos

Mississippi Kite (S) (Ictinia mississippiensis)

*Bald Eagle L/C/S (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) 2 photos

*Northern Harrier L/C/S (Circus hudsonius) 9 photos

*Sharp-shinned Hawk L/C/S (Accipiter striatus) 4 photos

*Cooper's Hawk (L)/C/S (Accipiter cooperii)

*Northern Goshawk L/C/S (Accipiter gentilis) 18 photos

*Red-shouldered Hawk (L)/C/S (Buteo lineatus)

*Broad-winged Hawk L/C/S (Buteo platypterus) 7 photos

Swainson's Hawk (L)/(C)/S (Buteo swainsoni) 14 photos

*Red-tailed Hawk L/C/S (Buteo jamaicensis) 1 photos

*Rough-legged Hawk L/C/S (Buteo lagopus) 18 photos

Ferruginous Hawk (S) (Buteo regalis) 20 photos

*Golden Eagle L/C/S (Aquila chrysaetos) 19 photos

Barn-Owls - Top

*Barn Owl (C)/S (Tyto alba) 14 photos

Owls - Top

*Eastern Screech-Owl (C)/S (Megascops asio) 7 photos

*Great Horned Owl L/C/S (Bubo virginianus) 16 photos

Snowy Owl L/C/S (Bubo scandiacus) 22 photos

*Northern Hawk Owl L/C/S (Surnia ulula) 22 photos

Burrowing Owl (C)/(S) (Athene cunicularia) 8 photos

*Barred Owl (L)/C/S (Strix varia)

*Great Gray Owl L/C/S (Strix nebulosa) 6 photos

*Long-eared Owl L/C/S (Asio otus) 9 photos

*Short-eared Owl L/C/S (Asio flammeus) 8 photos

*Boreal Owl L/C/S (Aegolius funereus) 7 photos

*Northern Saw-whet Owl L/C/S (Aegolius acadicus) 10 photos

Kingfishers - Top

*Belted Kingfisher L/C/S (Megaceryle alcyon) 13 photos

Woodpeckers - Top

Lewis's Woodpecker (C)/(S) (Melanerpes lewis)

*Red-headed Woodpecker (L)/C/S (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) 2 photos

*Red-bellied Woodpecker (L)/C/S (Melanerpes carolinus) 14 photos

*Yellow-bellied Sapsucker L/C/S (Sphyrapicus varius) 6 photos

*Downy Woodpecker L/C/S (Picoides pubescens) 7 photos

*Hairy Woodpecker L/C/S (Picoides villosus) 2 photos

*American Three-toed Woodpecker L/C/S (Picoides dorsalis) 12 photos

*Black-backed Woodpecker L/C/S (Picoides arcticus)

*Northern Flicker L/C/S (Colaptes auratus)

*Pileated Woodpecker L/C/S (Dryocopus pileatus)

Falcons and Caracaras - Top

Crested Caracara (L)/(C)/(S) (Caracara cheriway) 9 photos

*American Kestrel L/C/S (Falco sparverius) 19 photos

*Merlin L/C/S (Falco columbarius) 2 photos

Gyrfalcon L/C/S (Falco rusticolus) 15 photos

*Peregrine Falcon L/C/S (Falco peregrinus) 7 photos

Prairie Falcon (L)/(S) (Falco mexicanus) 19 photos

Tyrant Flycatchers - Top

*Olive-sided Flycatcher L/C/S (Contopus cooperi) 9 photos

Western Wood-Pewee (L)/(S) (Contopus sordidulus) 23 photos

*Eastern Wood-Pewee (L)/C/S (Contopus virens)

*Yellow-bellied Flycatcher L/C/S (Empidonax flaviventris) 8 photos

*Acadian Flycatcher S (Empidonax virescens) 8 photos

*Alder Flycatcher L/C/S (Empidonax alnorum) 8 photos

*Willow Flycatcher (C)/S (Empidonax traillii) 9 photos

*Least Flycatcher L/C/S (Empidonax minimus) 15 photos

Gray Flycatcher (S) (Empidonax wrightii) 17 photos

Dusky Flycatcher (C) (Empidonax oberholseri) 20 photos

*Eastern Phoebe L/C/S (Sayornis phoebe)

Say's Phoebe (L)/(C)/(S) (Sayornis saya) 3 photos

Vermilion Flycatcher (S) (Pyrocephalus rubinus) 4 photos

Ash-throated Flycatcher (C)/(S) (Myiarchus cinerascens) 12 photos

Great Kiskadee (S) (Pitangus sulphuratus) 3 photos

*Great Crested Flycatcher (L)/C/S (Myiarchus crinitus) 18 photos

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (C)/(S) (Myiodynastes luteiventris) 18 photos

Variegated Flycatcher (S) (Empidonomus varius) 3 photos

Tropical Kingbird (C)/(S) (Tyrannus melancholicus) 15 photos

Cassin's Kingbird (S) (Tyrannus vociferans) 24 photos

Thick-billed Kingbird (S) (Tyrannus crassirostris) 15 photos

*Western Kingbird (L)/C/(S) (Tyrannus verticalis) 12 photos

*Eastern Kingbird L/C/S (Tyrannus tyrannus) 7 photos

Gray Kingbird (S) (Tyrannus dominicensis) 1 photos

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (L)/(C)/(S) (Tyrannus forficatus) 17 photos

Fork-tailed Flycatcher (C)/(S) (Tyrannus savana) 1 photos

Shrikes - Top

*Loggerhead Shrike (L)/(C)/S (Lanius ludovicianus) 13 photos

*Northern Shrike L/C/S (Lanius borealis) 10 photos

Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis - Top

Black-capped Vireo (S) (Vireo atricapilla) 13 photos

*White-eyed Vireo (C)/S (Vireo griseus) 12 photos

Bell's Vireo (C)/(S) (Vireo bellii) 8 photos

*Yellow-throated Vireo (L)/C/S (Vireo flavifrons) 11 photos

*Blue-headed Vireo L/C/S (Vireo solitarius) 18 photos

Plumbeous Vireo (S) (Vireo plumbeus) 11 photos

*Philadelphia Vireo L/C/S (Vireo philadelphicus) 24 photos

*Warbling Vireo L/C/S (Vireo gilvus) 22 photos

*Red-eyed Vireo L/C/S (Vireo olivaceus) 15 photos

Crows, Jays, and Magpies - Top

*Canada Jay L/C/S (Perisoreus canadensis) 10 photos

*Blue Jay L/C/S (Cyanocitta cristata) 4 photos

Clark's Nutcracker (C)/(S) (Nucifraga columbiana) 8 photos

*Black-billed Magpie (L)/C/(S) (Pica hudsonia) 15 photos

Eurasian Jackdaw (S) (Corvus monedula) 8 photos

*American Crow L/C/S (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Fish Crow S (Corvus ossifragus) 18 photos

*Common Raven L/C/S (Corvus corax) 17 photos

Larks - Top

*Horned Lark L/C/S (Eremophila alpestris) 10 photos

Swallows - Top

*Purple Martin (L)/C/S (Progne subis) 22 photos

*Tree Swallow L/C/S (Tachycineta bicolor) 6 photos

Violet-green Swallow (C)/(S) (Tachycineta thalassina) 14 photos

*Northern Rough-winged Swallow (L)/C/S (Stelgidopteryx serripennis) 13 photos

*Bank Swallow L/C/S (Riparia riparia) 2 photos

*Cliff Swallow L/C/S (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) 24 photos

Cave Swallow (S) (Petrochelidon fulva) 18 photos

*Barn Swallow L/C/S (Hirundo rustica) 5 photos

Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice - Top

Carolina Chickadee (S) (Poecile carolinensis) 18 photos

*Black-capped Chickadee L/C/S (Poecile atricapillus) 15 photos

*Boreal Chickadee L/C/S (Poecile hudsonicus) 15 photos

*Tufted Titmouse S (Baeolophus bicolor) 16 photos

Nuthatches - Top

*Red-breasted Nuthatch L/C/S (Sitta canadensis) 5 photos

*White-breasted Nuthatch (L)/C/S (Sitta carolinensis)

Treecreepers - Top

*Brown Creeper L/C/S (Certhia americana) 8 photos

Wrens - Top

Rock Wren (C)/(S) (Salpinctes obsoletus)

*House Wren (L)/C/S (Troglodytes aedon) 4 photos

*Winter Wren L/C/S (Troglodytes hiemalis) 9 photos

*Sedge Wren L/C/S (Cistothorus platensis) 9 photos

*Marsh Wren L/C/S (Cistothorus palustris) 12 photos

*Carolina Wren (L)/(C)/S (Thryothorus ludovicianus) 24 photos

*Bewick's Wren (C)/(S) (Thryomanes bewickii) 20 photos

Gnatcatchers - Top

*Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (L)/(C)/S (Polioptila caerulea) 12 photos

Kinglets - Top

*Golden-crowned Kinglet L/C/S (Regulus satrapa) 16 photos

*Ruby-crowned Kinglet L/C/S (Regulus calendula) 14 photos

Old World Flycatchers - Top

Siberian Rubythroat (S) (Luscinia calliope)

Northern Wheatear (L)/(C)/(S) (Oenanthe oenanthe) 20 photos

Thrushes and Allies - Top

*Eastern Bluebird L/C/S (Sialia sialis) 18 photos

Mountain Bluebird (L)/(C)/(S) (Sialia currucoides) 18 photos

Townsend's Solitaire (L)/C/S (Myadestes townsendi) 10 photos

*Veery (L)/C/S (Catharus fuscescens) 19 photos

*Gray-cheeked Thrush L/C/S (Catharus minimus) 14 photos

Bicknell's Thrush (S) (Catharus bicknelli) 19 photos

*Swainson's Thrush L/C/S (Catharus ustulatus) 13 photos

*Hermit Thrush L/C/S (Catharus guttatus) 6 photos

*Wood Thrush (L)/C/S (Hylocichla mustelina) 1 photos

Eurasian Blackbird (S) (Turdus merula) 14 photos

Fieldfare (S) (Turdus pilaris) 13 photos

*American Robin L/C/S (Turdus migratorius) 13 photos

Varied Thrush (L)/C/S (Ixoreus naevius) 12 photos

Mockingbirds and Thrashers - Top

*Gray Catbird L/C/S (Dumetella carolinensis) 19 photos

*Brown Thrasher L/C/S (Toxostoma rufum) 10 photos

Sage Thrasher (C)/(S) (Oreoscoptes montanus) 18 photos

*Northern Mockingbird (L)/C/S (Mimus polyglottos) 10 photos

Starlings - Top

*European Starling L/C/S (Sturnus vulgaris) 10 photos

Waxwings - Top

*Bohemian Waxwing L/C/S (Bombycilla garrulus) 14 photos

*Cedar Waxwing L/C/S (Bombycilla cedrorum) 12 photos

Silky-flycatchers - Top

Phainopepla (S) (Phainopepla nitens) 14 photos

Old World Sparrows - Top

*House Sparrow (L)/C/S (Passer domesticus) 30 photos

Eurasian Tree Sparrow (C)/(S) (Passer montanus) 9 photos

Wagtails and Pipits - Top

White Wagtail (S) (Motacilla alba) 3 photos

*American Pipit L/C/S (Anthus rubescens) 10 photos

Sprague's Pipit (L)/(C) (Anthus spragueii) 7 photos

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies - Top

Brambling (C)/(S) (Fringilla montifringilla) 3 photos

*Evening Grosbeak L/C/S (Coccothraustes vespertinus) 10 photos

*Pine Grosbeak L/C/S (Pinicola enucleator) 4 photos

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch (C)/(S) (Leucosticte tephrocotis) 14 photos

*House Finch (L)/C/S (Haemorhous mexicanus)

*Purple Finch L/C/S (Haemorhous purpureus) 22 photos

Cassin's Finch (S) (Haemorhous cassinii) 12 photos

*Common Redpoll L/C/S (Acanthis flammea) 9 photos

*Hoary Redpoll L/C/S (Acanthis hornemanni) 12 photos

*Red Crossbill L/C/S (Loxia curvirostra)

*White-winged Crossbill L/C/S (Loxia leucoptera) 9 photos

*Pine Siskin L/C/S (Spinus pinus) 20 photos

Lesser Goldfinch (S) (Spinus psaltria) 19 photos

*American Goldfinch L/C/S (Spinus tristis) 7 photos

Longspurs and Snow Buntings - Top

*Lapland Longspur L/C/S (Calcarius lapponicus) 23 photos

Chestnut-collared Longspur (L)/(C)/(S) (Calcarius ornatus) 20 photos

*Smith's Longspur L/(C)/(S) (Calcarius pictus) 1 photos

McCown's Longspur (C) (Rhynchophanes mccownii) 9 photos

Snow Bunting L/C/S (Plectrophenax nivalis) 5 photos

New World Buntings and Sparrows - Top

Green-tailed Towhee (C)/(S) (Pipilo chlorurus) 16 photos

Spotted Towhee (C)/(S) (Pipilo maculatus)

*Eastern Towhee (L)/C/S (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) 11 photos

Cassin's Sparrow (C)/(S) (Peucaea cassinii) 23 photos

Bachman's Sparrow (S) (Peucaea aestivalis) 1 photos

*American Tree Sparrow L/C/S (Spizelloides arborea) 18 photos

*Chipping Sparrow L/C/S (Spizella passerina) 10 photos

*Clay-colored Sparrow L/C/S (Spizella pallida)

Brewer's Sparrow (C) (Spizella breweri)

*Field Sparrow (L)/(C)/S (Spizella pusilla) 15 photos

*Vesper Sparrow (L)/C/S (Pooecetes gramineus) 13 photos

*Lark Sparrow (L)/C/S (Chondestes grammacus) 16 photos

Black-throated Sparrow (C)/(S) (Amphispiza bilineata) 12 photos

Lark Bunting (L)/(C)/(S) (Calamospiza melanocorys) 8 photos

*Savannah Sparrow L/C/S (Passerculus sandwichensis) 18 photos

*Grasshopper Sparrow (C)/S (Ammodramus savannarum) 7 photos

Baird's Sparrow (C) (Ammodramus bairdii) 16 photos

*Henslow's Sparrow (L)/S (Ammodramus henslowii)

*LeConte's Sparrow L/C/S (Ammodramus leconteii) 22 photos

*Nelson's Sparrow L/C/S (Ammodramus nelsoni) 5 photos

*Fox Sparrow L/C/S (Passerella iliaca) 8 photos

*Song Sparrow L/C/S (Melospiza melodia) 10 photos

*Lincoln's Sparrow L/C/S (Melospiza lincolnii) 15 photos

*Swamp Sparrow L/C/S (Melospiza georgiana) 17 photos

*White-throated Sparrow L/C/S (Zonotrichia albicollis) 9 photos

*Harris's Sparrow L/C/S (Zonotrichia querula) 15 photos

*White-crowned Sparrow L/C/S (Zonotrichia leucophrys) 12 photos

Golden-crowned Sparrow (C)/(S) (Zonotrichia atricapilla) 2 photos

*Dark-eyed Junco L/C/S (Junco hyemalis) 16 photos

Yellow-breasted Chat - Top

*Yellow-breasted Chat (L)/(C)/S (Icteria virens) 24 photos

Troupials and Allies - Top

*Yellow-headed Blackbird (L)/C/S (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus) 9 photos

*Bobolink L/C/S (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) 1 photos

*Eastern Meadowlark (L)/C/S (Sturnella magna) 23 photos

*Western Meadowlark (L)/C/S (Sturnella neglecta) 25 photos

*Orchard Oriole (C)/S (Icterus spurius) 23 photos

Hooded Oriole (S) (Icterus cucullatus) 10 photos

Bullock's Oriole (C)/(S) (Icterus bullockii) 9 photos

*Baltimore Oriole (L)/C/S (Icterus galbula) 17 photos

Scott's Oriole (C) (Icterus parisorum) 14 photos

*Red-winged Blackbird L/C/S (Agelaius phoeniceus) 11 photos

*Brown-headed Cowbird L/C/S (Molothrus ater) 1 photos

*Rusty Blackbird L/C/S (Euphagus carolinus) 20 photos

*Brewer's Blackbird (L)/C/S (Euphagus cyanocephalus) 11 photos

*Common Grackle L/C/S (Quiscalus quiscula) 16 photos

Great-tailed Grackle (C)/(S) (Quiscalus mexicanus)

New World Warblers - Top

*Ovenbird (L)/C/S (Seiurus aurocapilla) 26 photos

Worm-eating Warbler S (Helmitheros vermivorum) 5 photos

*Louisiana Waterthrush S (Parkesia motacilla)

*Northern Waterthrush L/C/S (Parkesia noveboracensis) 5 photos

*Golden-winged Warbler (L)/C/S (Vermivora chrysoptera) 4 photos

*Blue-winged Warbler (L)/(C)/S (Vermivora cyanoptera) 24 photos

*Black-and-white Warbler L/C/S (Mniotilta varia) 16 photos

*Prothonotary Warbler (L)/(C)/S (Protonotaria citrea)

Swainson's Warbler (S) (Limnothlypis swainsonii) 18 photos

*Tennessee Warbler L/C/S (Oreothlypis peregrina) 15 photos

*Orange-crowned Warbler L/C/S (Oreothlypis celata) 20 photos

*Nashville Warbler L/C/S (Oreothlypis ruficapilla) 23 photos

Virginia's Warbler (C)/(S) (Oreothlypis virginiae) 11 photos

*Connecticut Warbler L/C/S (Oporornis agilis) 20 photos

*Mourning Warbler L/C/S (Geothlypis philadelphia)

Kentucky Warbler (C)/S (Geothlypis formosa) 16 photos

*Common Yellowthroat L/C/S (Geothlypis trichas) 29 photos

*Hooded Warbler (L)/(C)/S (Setophaga citrina) 11 photos

*American Redstart L/C/S (Setophaga ruticilla) 7 photos

*Kirtland's Warbler (C)/S (Setophaga kirtlandii) 2 photos

*Cape May Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga tigrina) 11 photos

*Cerulean Warbler S (Setophaga cerulea)

*Northern Parula L/C/S (Setophaga americana)

*Magnolia Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga magnolia)

*Bay-breasted Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga castanea) 4 photos

*Blackburnian Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga fusca)

*Yellow Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga petechia)

*Chestnut-sided Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga pensylvanica)

*Blackpoll Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga striata)

*Black-throated Blue Warbler (L)/C/S (Setophaga caerulescens) 1 photos

*Palm Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga palmarum)

*Pine Warbler (L)/C/S (Setophaga pinus)

*Yellow-rumped Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga coronata) 1 photos

Yellow-throated Warbler (L)/(C)/S (Setophaga dominica)

*Prairie Warbler (L)/(C)/S (Setophaga discolor)

Grace's Warbler (S) (Setophaga graciae)

Black-throated Gray Warbler (S) (Setophaga nigrescens)

Townsend's Warbler (C)/(S) (Setophaga townsendi)

Hermit Warbler (S) (Setophaga occidentalis)

*Black-throated Green Warbler L/C/S (Setophaga virens) 9 photos

*Canada Warbler L/C/S (Cardellina canadensis) 14 photos

*Wilson's Warbler L/C/S (Cardellina pusilla) 4 photos

Painted Redstart (S) (Myioborus pictus)

Cardinals and Allies - Top

Summer Tanager (C)/S (Piranga rubra) 4 photos

*Scarlet Tanager (L)/C/S (Piranga olivacea)

Western Tanager (L)/(C)/(S) (Piranga ludoviciana)

*Northern Cardinal L/C/S (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Pyrrhuloxia (S) (Cardinalis sinuatus)

*Rose-breasted Grosbeak L/C/S (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Black-headed Grosbeak (C)/(S) (Pheucticus melanocephalus)

Blue Grosbeak (C)/(S) (Passerina caerulea)

Lazuli Bunting (C)/(S) (Passerina amoena)

*Indigo Bunting (L)/C/S (Passerina cyanea)

Varied Bunting (S) (Passerina versicolor)

Painted Bunting (L)/(C)/(S) (Passerina ciris)

*Dickcissel (L)/(C)/S (Spiza americana)